All Russian Flagship institutions conduct systematic testing and tracking of language development of Russian Flagship participants as they complete the new sequence of courses and activities in the curriculum. Flagship institutions administer the online Russian proficiency test (or sections of the test) at different times throughout the duration of the program. American Councils assesses language proficiency at the beginning and end of both semester- and academic year-long overseas study. Data from these tests allow The Language Flagship to track students' progress and identify areas of their strengths and weaknesses in Russian proficiency. Data from these tests inform ongoing program and course design.